10 Forming Stage Activities for Successful Team Building

Yogesh Oka    

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It is also a time to set expectations for the team’s output, especially its workflow. However, in this stage task completion may be below average as the team is more focused on building a team. The individual strengths each member brings establishes a sense of teamwork, as everybody plays a part. four stages of team development If you notice a few team members not participating, the easiest thing to do is to prompt them for their thoughts and ideas. This paper became the groundwork for the stages of group development. Tuckman’s foundation helps team leaders understand how team dynamics change as a project progresses.

An example of the forming stage is the first day on a new research project for people who have never worked together. In a project to develop a sustainable fuel product, several individuals with expertise in different fields may be called together. The first week of orientation and introduction is an example of the forming stage.

Training for a Team

In groups, conflicts often arise as a result of conflicting working styles between team members. Some people may even begin to question the group’s goals discussed at the outset and then stop altogether. This has a negative and depressing https://globalcloudteam.com/ effect on those who continue to work hard as the previously established group processes no longer work well. Behaviors during the Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony.

forming stage of group development

She can often be found testing and writing about apps meant to enhance the workflow of freelancers, remote workers, and regular employees. Appeared in G2 Crowd Learning Hub, The Good Men Project, and Pick the Brain, among other places. Coach all team members to be assertive, and stand up for their ideas and opinions in a positive and calm way. Speaking of ends, the Adjourning Stage is the bittersweet cherry on the top of each team and project, and it will happen whether you want it or not. It’s a great opportunity to reflect on your accomplishments and think about what you learned.

Stage #2 — The Storming Stage

The group of employees who are authorized to make their own decisions are called self-directing teams. The individuals are separately called the members and collectively called a group. The group leader assigns a certain role to every group member which they have to achieve in a given time.

Bruce Tuckman’s five stage group development model is a useful framework for understanding how groups mature and develop cooperative work relationships over time. It is the initial stage of group development and is a phase marked by familiarization, uncertainty, and individuality. In this stage, individuals are unaware or uncertain of the group’s purpose as well as their role in it and are in doubt regarding their group mates. This stage usually occupies a lot of time as the process of getting to know one another cannot be postponed and must occur naturally.

This is the second stage of team development, where the group starts to sort itself out and gain each others’ trust. This stage often starts when they voice their opinions; conflict may arise between team members as power and status are assigned. At this stage there is often a positive and polite atmosphere, people are pleasant to each other, and they may have feelings of excitement, eagerness and positiveness.

Importance of Forming Storming Norming Performing

At this stage, the group isn’t very productive, as they’re still getting acclimated and figuring out the role that each person will play on the team. Competence in all members is seen, allowing for a high level of autonomy in decision making. Problem solving, experimentation and testing possible solutions are high as group members are focused on task completion and achievement. The overall objective of the group during the performing stage is to complete their mission. A fifth stage was later added by Tuckman about ten years later, which is called adjourning. It is believed that these stages are universal to all teams despite the group’s members, purpose, goal, culture, location, demographics and so on.

  • The Performing stage is what your team is really after — in this stage, you and your team get to enjoy synergy.
  • Psychologist Bruce Tuckman was the first to document the different phases that teams go through as they develop.
  • The group may even develop a sense of synergy, which means that the members feel they can accomplish more together than they could on their own.
  • Use personality tests, such as the ones outlined in the article, to aid the understanding of each others personality and work styles.
  • Both task-related skills and group dynamics and conflict resolution abilities may need to be developed by the team.

Members feel confident in their individual abilities and those of their teammates. The first stage of group development is known as the forming stage — a time when the group is just starting to come together and is characterized by anxiety and uncertainty. Members are cautious with their behavior, which is driven by the desire to be accepted by all members of the group. Conflict, controversy, and personal opinions are avoided even though members are beginning to form impressions of each other and gain an understanding of what the group will do together.

The stages of group development in organizational behavior and management are a theory of team development — a group-forming model that consists of 5 distinct stages. Timothy Biggs suggested that an additional stage be added of “norming” after “forming” and renaming the traditional norming stage “re-norming”. “With group norms and roles established, group members focus on achieving common goals, often reaching an unexpectedly high level of success.” By this time, they are motivated and knowledgeable. The team members are now competent, autonomous and able to handle the decision-making process without supervision.

Task 1: Connecting with each other on a personal level

To illustrate the 5 stages of team development, let’s look at the example of Daisy, Adam, Daniel, Mark, and Stella. The 5 of them are neighbors and they just moved to the countryside. At this stage, the morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group. A sense of belongingness is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal. Questions around leadership, authority, rules, policies, norms, responsibilities, structure, evaluation criteria and reward systems tend to arise during the storming stage. Such questions need to be answered so that the group can move further on to the next stage.

Swarming is a sometime behavior, in contrast to mob programming, which can be thought of as swarming all the time. At this point, relationships are formed and there is a clear and stable structure. The team is mature, organised and has a sense of consensus and cooperation. Problems and conflict, of course, do still arise, but they are dealt with effectively. The prime focus of the team is on problem solving and meeting goals; effectiveness is at its peak. Explain the forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning model to your team so they know what to expect.

forming stage of group development

By this time, they are aware of their own strength and flaws which make a healthy relationship in the workplace. The team may also be pleased with their development and take pride in the team’s accomplishments. Anyway, this result of the forming storming norming performing process may be predicted with the cooperation of the team.

Stages of group development. The 5 stages of group development explained 2022-11-09

This is important considering that at least some of you may work together in the future once again. Arrange at least 1 team-building activity, to help people grow closer as a team. Build trust among team members, by advocating honesty, transparency, and accountability. In addition to handling conflicts, you’ll need to determine workflows, follow them, and constantly tweak and improve them as you go along. Stagnation is always worse than conflict — instead of maintaining a facade of politeness, it’s crucial that you identify your problems, analyze them, AND talk about them.

Do the five stages of team building always occur in the same order?

Members are discreet with their behavior, which is driven by their desire to be accepted by all members of the group. Conflict, controversy, misunderstanding and personal opinions are avoided even though members are starting to form impressions of each other and gain an understanding of what the group will do together. This stage presents a time where the group is just starting to come together and is described with anxiety and uncertainty. In the in the third stage, norming, co-ordinators are still needed to facilitate the groups decisions. The addition of some implementers to the team is also a good idea to make plans for progress and team development.

Finally, a resource investigators is needed to go outside of team and look at competition. An example of the storming stage is the second month of a long research project where individuals clash because some individuals believe in working independently towards a small goal while others prefer teamwork. Or one teammate may find a flaw in the research project and question the capability of the leader. Our discussion so far has focused on the group as an organization, not on individuals within the group. This is similar to describing a car by its type and colour without looking at what is under the lid. External factors are what we see and experience, but internal factors are what make it word.

They worked through their differences and priorities to find new strengths as a team all the way. Examples of functional groups would be a marketing department, a customer service department, or an accounting department. During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop. Alternatively, some team members may find focussing on the task at hand is an effective response to their sadness or sense of loss. A good forming stage sets the foundation for the success of a team. Hopefully, the above forming stage activities can develop strong connections between the employees and make them ready for the next stage.

Even the most successful groups, committees, and project teams disband sooner or later. Their breakup is called adjournment, which requires dissolving intense social relations and returning to new assignments. The adjournment stage is becoming even more frequent with the advent of flexible organizations, which feature temporary groups. “Resolved disagreements and personality clashes result in greater intimacy, and a spirit of co-operation emerges.” This happens when the team is aware of competition and they share a common goal. In this stage, all team members take responsibility and have the ambition to work for the success of the team’s goals. They start tolerating the whims and fancies of the other team members.